# Group Six Project Abstract

We will be researching the effectiveness of three different “smart” technologies: a smartphone, a tablet, and a laptop. We will be conducting different tests which compare each device with regards to energy consumption, cost effectiveness, battery life, and temperature fluctuations. These tests will include, but are not limited to: running different apps, using the internet, powering on/off, and charging.

# Final Energy Consumption Conclusions

Total Rooms on campus: 2,458

Energy Cost per kWh: \$0.102

kWh per day calculations:

(.25h x  .0139kW) + (.25h x .0236kW) + (9h x .0196kW) + (5h x .0336kW) = 0.353775 kWh/day

Student Average Usage per Day

(0.1491 kWh/day) + (0.353775 kWh/day) / 2 = 0.25144 kWh/day

0.25144 kWh/day x 220 days = 55.3168 kWh

Student cost to the college

55.3168 kWh x 0.102 \$/kWh = \$5.64

All students’ use per day

0.25144 kWh/day x 2,458 rooms = 618.03952 kWh/day

All students’ use per academic year

618.03952 kWh/day x 220 days = 135,968.6944 kWh

Approximate cost to the college

135,968.6944 kWh x 0.102 \$/kWh = \$13,868.81

Our project attempted to estimate the amount of energy used in the dorm rooms of Vassar students, and the cost to the college for that usage. In order to do this, both Irene and I measured the wattage of the electronic devices in our rooms, which can be seen here and here. We then tracked the time these devices were active over the course of three days to determine our average energy usage in a day. This average was then used to calculate the cost to the college for this use over the course of an academic year, which amounted to a surprisingly low total of total of \$5.64. Given our original premise to determine what percentage of our room and board fees goes towards electricity, we found that our actual usage costs amount to 0.054%.

We then used the same average to approximate the cost of all the students on campus, which amounted to 135,968.6944 kWh at a cost of \$13,868.81. While these numbers do not take into account the energy consumed by the original overhead lights in place on the dorm rooms, the cost to the college is still less than expected. An interesting feature that developed out of our study was the realization that refrigerators do not use a constant amount of energy to maintain their temperature. While initial readings gave extremely high wattage values (many times greater than all other electronics totaled), this level was not constant. Had the highest level of wattage been the energy used by the fridge constantly over a 24 hour period, we would have seen a staggering 2,162% increase in energy use! While we didn’t get the opportunity to study the refrigerators over a longer period of time, it would be interesting to see how often the high level of energy output is keep constant temperature.

Overall, our project demonstrated the extremely high energy usage at Vassar College. Without even measuring the light bulbs in our own rooms, let alone the lights in every room of campus (many of which are on 24-7) we approximated that we consume 135,968.6944 kWh in an academic year. While the cost of this usage may seem manageable, especially given the high cost of room and board, it does shed some light on how much we’re costing on the grand scale.

# Energy Consumption of Alyssa’s Room

I was excited for this research as I didn’t actually have a good estimate for how much energy my room used. I was surprised by how much energy is used by my refrigerator, especially since it’s also the only appliance that is constantly in use. In fact, the wattage of the fridge was far greater than the total of all my other electronics. In contrast to the fridge value, my laptop used almost no energy  – which makes me feel less guilty about how often I use it! I was also happy to find that my phone charger, laptop charger and lamp all used no (or negligible) energy when not in use.

I will be measuring my usage of these electronics over the next three days to determine the average total amount of energy I use per day. From there, Irene and I will be calculating how much of our Vassar room and board fees actually go towards the energy we consume.

 Appliance Wattage Notes Laptop in use 29.8 Increased from average of 22-24W after extended use Laptop + powerstrip 31-32 Phone charger in use 2.9 Phone + power strip 3.2 Laptop + phone + powerstrip 33.6 Fridge 304 Slowly decreased over time Fan – low 19.6 Fan – medium 21.4 Fan – high 24.0 Christmas lights 23.6 Standing lamp 13.9

# Energy consumption of Irene’s room

The energy consumption of my room turned out to be less than I thought. As expected, the refrigerator took up a large amount of my overall consumption. I was surprised at how little power my computer ended up using as I waited for the Watt’s Up Pro’s value to level out. One thing that surprised me was that the power strip and my chargers did not show a reading when tested while not in use. I had thought that the lights on the power strip and charger may have used some energy, but I guess the amount is negligible.

An interesting thing to note is how the wattage appeared to change when measurements using the Watts Up Pro were taken from devices plugged directly into the Watts Up versus when the values were taken from the power strip connected to the wall. In addition to this preliminary data, I will be recording how long I am using these appliances over the next 3 days to determine my average energy consumption.

 Appliance Wattage Notes laptop 21-22 Increased from average of 17-22W after extended use, high 43 when turned on phone charger 4.1 alarm clock 1.1 phone + power strip 4.7 laptop + powerstrip 23-24 Started at 32, slowly decreasing, flatlines around 23-24 laptop+ phone+powerstrip 26.9 fan- high setting 30 fan-low setting 20.1 fan-medium setting 23.5 fridge 283 Slowly decreasing over time camera charger 3.5 camera + powerstrip 3.9

# Energy Consumption Project Plan

The goal of our project is to determine a reasonable estimate for the personal energy consumption of a Vassar student. In order to achieve this goal, both members of our group will use the Watts Up Pro to measure the energy uses of the various appliances, technology and light sources in our dorm rooms. We will then calculate the average energy consumption per day. Using this value we will calculate the approximate energy consumption over the course of an academic year and determine how much this costs.

To carry out this project, we plan to test all electronic devices in our rooms and record how long they are in use over a span of three days. For each day of the study we will also re-test each device using the Watts Up Pro. If the values do not change between the first two days of testing, we will assume they remain constant. After we have calculated our average energy use per day, we will multiply by the number of days in the academic year to determine our total consumption. We will then contact the college to find the cost of energy per kWh on campus and use this to calculate the total cost of our energy use. It will be interesting to determine what percentage of Vassar’s room and board fees are used to cover energy expenses. We predict that this value will be quite small.

A possible extension of this project might include obtaining the same data from other individual dorm rooms, as time allows. This would give a more accurate measure of an average student’s energy use.

# My tuition: The costs to power my life

As one of the most expensive colleges in the nation, Vassar’s room and board fees are estimated at \$10, 430 for the upcoming school year. Though this covers many services, one wonders what the actual cost of living at Vassar is. Using the Watts Up Pro, we will attempt to estimate the energy consumption of a typical Vassar student throughout the course of a school year and how much this costs the college.