July 6, 2018

Bibliography and Other External Links

Adesina, Precious. “‘Blackfishing’: White Women Posing As Black Online Isn’t Flattery, It’s Forgery.” Refinery29. 15 November 2018. 

“Beautiful Anita Hemming: The Story of the Vassar Graduate Born of Negroes.” Sacramento Daily Union vol. 94 #34, September 1897.

Bickerstaff, Joyce. “‘A Colored Girl at Vassar’: The life of Anita Florence Hemmings.” The Miscellany News, April 1999.

Carroll, Nora. “Black history at Vassar: The long road to integration.” The Miscellany News, February 2001.

Christmas, June Jackson. “A Historical Overview: The Black Experience at Vassar.” The Vassar Alumnae/i Quarterly, Spring 2008.

“Colored Girl at Vassar.” The New York Times, August 1897.

Cruz, Jon. “In Celebration of Multi-cultural Awareness Week: Vassar’s First African-American Student.” The Miscellany News, November 2001.

Franklin, Ronald E. “Anita Florence Hemmings: Passing for White at Vassar,” Owlcation, last modified December 9 2017.

“Frederick J. Hemmings, 1897,” MIT Black History, accessed May 30, 2018.

Harris, Cheryl I. “Whiteness as Property.” Harvard Law Review 106, no. 8 (1993): 1707-791. doi:10.2307/1341787.

Laughlin, Alex. “Transcript: When you don’t ‘look black,'” The Washington Post, last modified 5 May 2017.

Mancini, Olivia. “Passing as White: Anita Hemmings 1897,” The Vassar Alumnae/i Quarterly, vol. 98 issue 1, Winter 2001.  

O’Leary, Christina. “Let’s Talk about Race.” The Miscellany News, November 1997.

Pawader, Ruth. “Sigird Johnson Was Black: A DNA Test Said She Wasn’t.” The New York Times. 19 November 2018.

Pulliam-Moore, Charles. “Twitter Recap: What Does ‘Passing’ Look Like Today?” NPR, last modified October 10, 2014.

Sim, Jillian A. “Fading to White,” American Heritage, April 1997.

Tanabe, Karin. The Gilded Years, New York, Simon and Schuster 2016.