Dining with Professor Miriam Rossi and Life as a Chicken

This was a relatively calm week in the life of the Coop. Besides sifting through sources for our final projects, tasting honey in Candice’s class, extracting DNA in Mark’s lab, and discussing dairy production with Mary Ann, the highlight of our week consisted of a dinner with chemistry professor Miriam Rossi. Before I share the learning and laughter from our dinner, I’d like to give a quick update on the lives of our bountiful ladies, Whiskey, Moonshine, Midnight, Henrietta Mary Ann, Aspen, and Vodka. The apples of our eyes, our gorgeous hens are a constant priority in our lives and as such deserve some blog space.

chickens on roost

Standing proud as they get ready for bed. Moonshine, Henrietta Mary Ann, and Aspen.

eggs in carton

Look at those BEAUTIFUL eggs!

The last month has been a bit rocky for our gaggling group of gals as they settle into their new surroundings and establish the pecking order. Our very innovative Coop members made an effective water dispenser out of a Tupperware and an old container, and we’ve established feeding, putting to bed, and wake up shifts for our peckish poultry. The ladies seem to be averaging about 4 eggs per day, but this past week brought some exciting anomalies to their egg laying patterns. First I found a giant egg that, when cracked into the pan, revealed two yokes! An exciting two-for-one breakfast special. A couple days later Meghan discovered our very first blue egg, courtesy of resident “queen hen” Aspen. She does things on her own time, including bullying the other hens for first dibs on the compost and dominating the roosting space. However, along with her recent decision to lay eggs, I’ve noticed Midnight is now allowed to sit on the bar at night with the other hens, so Aspen must be warming to her new surroundings.

double yokes

Twin Yokes!

blue egg

First blue; Maddie is proud of her chicken.


chickens in coop

The girls enjoying their new bedding

In order to ensure our girls’ absolute comfort, a few of our most daring Coop members ventured out in the middle of our first snow storm to empty the roost of its nutrient rich chicken poo and straw and put down new bedding. Not only that, but the chicks have been given new pecking grounds every couple weeks as we wheel our coop to different areas of the yard. Luckily, I’m able to speak chicken, so we know they’re thriving. In fact, our one concern is that our lovely ladies might get cocky with the amount of attention they get daily; we’ve seen students leading parents behind our house to see the new tourist attraction. Let’s hope the fame doesn’t go to their heads!

The family

Despite the coop cleaning in inclement weather, Emma and Yael managed to whip up a wintery feast of Spanish potato soup and a delicious salad. One thing I love about the Coop is the diverse backgrounds and eating styles that we bring to the table. At this particular meal, I shared a tradition I learned in Ecuador of putting fresh popcorn in your soup; it was a hit. Even better was our engaging conversation with Miriam Rossi, a source of abundant food knowledge, fun facts, and Italian recipes. Her experience teaching The Culture and Chemistry of Cuisine with biology professor Dave Jemiolo made her the perfect guest for a multidisciplinary group studying food. Our conversation ranged from daily food choices to the chemical compounds that make up our cuisine. I’ve outlined a few of these fascinating topics below.

picture of professor

Our charming dinner guest, Professor Miriam Rossi

  • Why do onions make you cry? Apparently when you cut open an onion you’re breaking cells which release a volatile sulfur gas that reacts with the moisture in your eyes to create sulfuric acid which burns and causes you to release tears. We discussed the likelihood of the enzyme that causes this having been bred out of commercial onions. We’ve all noticed how the onions from our fieldwork farms make us cry a lot more than the onions we buy at the store; Mariam said she wouldn’t be surprised if our hypothesis is correct!
  • Preventing cancer: We were all fascinated by Professor Rossi’s research project in Italy which she’ll be returning to work on in the spring. She and a team of scientists are extracting compounds from Curcumin (commonly known as turmeric), a member of the ginger family, that appear to be anti-carcinogenic. Apart from the olfactory pleasure of working with Curcumin, she celebrated its powers as an effective natural dye. This led to a conversation on our expectations of colored foods that are anything but natural such as green pistachio ice cream or colored cake batter. Curcumin is highly concentrated and effective so why don’t we use it instead of yellow dye 40? This multipurpose spice is certainly something worth our consumption!
  • The Ponderosa Pine: Have you ever smelled the bark of these magnificent trees? Sweet and surprising wafts of vanilla, cinnamon, or butterscotch will greet your nostrils.
  • Is Aspirin natural? Why yes, in fact it comes from the willow tree and is one of the compounds that although bitter to taste and therefore disagreeable to pests, is beneficial to humans. I was surprised to find out that many of our pharmaceutical drugs that I assume are synthetic actually come from the plants that surround me.
  • Does food lose nutrients when it’s cooked? Not usually. In fact, many foods release certain compounds only when they are heated and are only edible in this way, such as potatoes.
  • Lactose and gluten intolerances: With a few of these around our table, we were curious to hear Professor Rossi’s take on these growing intolerances. She reinforced the idea that more gluten and lactose intolerances exist in places that have less experience with these foods. An example is the frequency of lactose intolerance in China’s population since cows are a new addition to their farming system. When asked how one could survive in Italy with gluten intolerance she laughed and said they eat more than just pasta.

The lovely meal came to an end with Professor Rossi’s enthusiastic suggestion to use our ladies’ eggs for desserts that require raw eggs because “you can’t trust those store bought eggs anymore.” We’ll have to plan another meal where she teaches us to cook the delicious Italian custard Zabaione. In the meantime we’ve all gained a deeper appreciation for the chemistry of our food and will doubtless eat with expanded awareness.

picture of italian custard

Zabaione: our next dessert undertaking


First Days in the MLLC: The Retreat

There’s nothing like a road trip to break the ice, invite discussion, and learn from the source.  Visiting food and farming related sites throughout New York State gave us the framework to begin navigating the relationships, questions, and themes that will shape our semester of cooperative exploration. Stops at Cornell Agricultural Plant Genetic Resources Unit (Geneva, NY), Hardie Dairy Farm (Lansing, NY), DuMond Corn&Soy Farm (Union Springs, NY), Moosewood Restaurant (Ithaca, NY), and Apple Pond Farm and Renewable Energy Education Center (Catskills, NY) provided the fodder for four fast paced days of debates, inquiries, and altered assumptions.

Starting small, we began our journey with seeds at the USDA funded Agricultural Plant Genetic Resources Unit at Cornell University. Through a tour of the facilities, including the 0°anteroom where the seeds are stored, we learned about the ways in which you use plant germplasm to preserve genes and crossbreed. Tomato, apple, and grape tastings of both wild and domesticated varieties gave us a sense of the vast diversity of genes they are trying to conserve and the rich history of each domesticated food plant.

tomato tasting

Tomato tasting yummmm

wild and domesticated tomatoes

The wild tomatoes were actually sweeter than most domesticated breeding lines!

Students being given tour of the anteroom

The anteroom where seeds are stored for distribution and safekeeping

Our guide, Thomas, shows us the detail tag of one of their breeding apple trees.

tasting the different apple breeds

making a disgusted face

many wild breeds were very bitter


Emma enjoying the grape selection

group pic

Food for thought and the road!

The next time we piled out of our Vassar van (driven by the fearless genius Mark Schlessman) we were greeted by friendly family dairy farmers, Skip and Holly Hardie. Their wholesome kindness and eagerness to show us their state of the art equipment, milking procedures, and feed growing/storing operation had us all entranced. Discussion surrounding their use of RBST (a bovine growth hormone), cow comfort—they had waterbeds, fans, and custom blended feed—and their Guatemalan immigrant employees opened our eyes to commercial farming. Although we all loved milking a cow, Hardie Farm’s status as a CAFO (confined animal feeding operation) remains a hot topic of discussion in our house.

Skip Haride shwoing us cow feed

Skip Hardie explaining the careful recipe of his feed


Cut hay is stored under airtight plastic to prevent mold and moisture.

baby cow

Maddie bonds. Baby cows are separated from their mothers at birth.

mechanical milking

a stress ball cow

Our souvenir from Debbie, the rep. from the American Dairy Association. SQUEEZY COW, our new house mascot.

Our next stop was a similarly commercial farm, DuMond Farm, which focused on corn and soybean cultivation. We were astounded that Todd Dumond managed to plant and harvest three thousand acres with only two full time employees and six part time. In comparison to Hardie’s thirty person staff, the mechanization of agriculture was clearly demonstrated on this farm. In addition to mechanical technology, Todd talked to us about the latest advances in agricultural science related to soil composition, fertilizers, herbicides, fungicides and insecticides.

grain storage tanks

Grain storage tanks

Todd Dumond explaining his multi-million dollar machinery and soil evaluating machine

After so much intense talk of the economics of agriculture, state and national policy changes, and minimizing inputs while optimizing profit, we were all ready for some fresh, local, home cooked food. That’s just what we got at Moosewood Restaurant, one of the first vegetarian, local, and health food focused restaurants of its time (1973). It was inspiring to talk to one of the original founders and conceptualize how nineteen people cooperatively and sustainably run a business focusing on all things natural and good. We walked away with satisfied tummies and a signed edition of Moosewood Restaurant Cooks for a Crowd.

Our new book!Inspiring people and food.

Inspiring people and food.

Our final night was spent at Apple Pond Farm, a haven of renewable energy, small farm pride, community activism, and self-sustainability through creativity. Dick and Sonja welcomed us into their home to live a day in the life of a small farmer. The diversity of tasks contrasted sharply with the meticulous routines of the commercial farms we’d seen previously. Watering the chickens, harvesting eggs, catching adolescent turkeys, grooming the draft horses, milking the goats, and picking and cooking fresh vegetables from the garden were among the many chores we completed. Apart from the active experimentation, we spent hours picking Dick and Sonja’s brains about their beliefs on solar/wind power, political interests, diversifying products, and keeping it simple. We left Apple Pond Farm with hope for small farmers, ready to seek out answers to the infinite questions food and farming practices provide.

haybale yert

The hay bale yurt.

milking a goat

Ruth, one of our lovely hosts, supervises Maddie and Alicia milking Oreo the goat.

milking into the mouth

Jojo gettin down and dirty

Discussing farm policy, practice, and ideology.

Our inspiring host Dick and his horse buddy Bill teach us the secrets of draft horses.

From garden to plate.