‘Safe sex’ is sexual contact that doesn’t involve the exchange of semen, vaginal fluids or blood between partners. If used correctly, condoms can dramatically reduce the risk of most sexually transmissible infections (STIs) and unintended pregnancy. Having regular STI screening and reducing the number of sexual partners also reduces the transmission risk of STIs.
Condoms offer the best available protection against STIs by acting as a physical barrier to prevent the exchange of semen, vaginal fluids or blood between partners. Safe sex is also called ‘safer sex’ to highlight the fact that condoms and other barrier methods are not 100 per cent effective in preventing STIs.
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