University of Sussex (England), D. Phil in Physics, 1987.
Thesis title: The Role Of Real Intermediate States In Two Photon Absorption, under the supervision of Professor Les Allen.
University of Sussex (England), M.Sc. in Physics, 1982.
Thesis title: Laser Spectroscopy In A Thermal Sodium Atomic Beam, under the supervision of Professor Les Allen.
Houari Boumediene University of Sciences and Technology (Algiers, Algeria), D.E.S. (Diplôme d’Études Supérieures) in Physics, 1976-1980.
August 97- Present: Technical Director of the Applied Optics Center of Delaware.
Aug. 97- Present: Associate professor of Physics (tenure-track), Delaware State University.
Jan. 95 – Aug. 97: Assistant Professor of Physics, Delaware State University.
Summer. 1996: Invited Full Professor at the Université Paul Sabatier, Toulouse, France.
Summer. 1995: Visiting Scholar in the Department of Physics and, Astronomy, University of Delaware.
Nov. 1990 – Dec. 1994: Postdoctoral Research Fellow in Atomic, Molecular and Optical Physics at the University of Delaware with Professor E.E. Eyler.
Jan. 1994- Jun 95 & Sept. 92-Jan. 93: Acting Assistant Professor of Physics at the University of Delaware.
1988-90: Tenured Lecturer at the Houari Boumediene University of Sciences and Technology, Algiers, Algeria.
1987: Postdoctoral Fellowship (short term) in Quantum Optics at the North East London Polytechnic with Professor Les Allen. Part-Time Technical Consultant to Nitech Ltd. (England). Conducted a feasibility study of a road lamp lens which resulted in an improved design.
1983-86: Teaching Assistant, School of Mathematical and Physical Sciences, University of Sussex.